Skip to main content

A hitchhikers guide - through XaaS in IIoT

Explore the XaaS Whitepaper

The Digital Industries World community stands for pioneering spirit around the topic of industrial digitalization and is, therefore, a very important place-to-be for all IIoT enthusiasts. In our "Technology" and "Business Processes" committees, various topics are driven forward with a great deal of commitment, from the ⇒ idea to the ⇒ concept to the ⇒ story around.

A very successful example of this landmark work is the resulting "Hitchhiker's guide through XaaS in IIoT," which addresses the functional mechanisms of the commercial aspects of IoT business cases.

The basic idea of Digital Industries World is the joint creation of know-how and sharing the results with all members. The community pursues the common goal of creating a breeding ground for innovation in the digital world. The handbook around the trending topic "pay-per-use" does this in a very insightful way. And the best part is that this result is also made available to non-members here.

For whom is this made

Everyone interested in these following topics and many more should download and read this guide.


Evaluating pricing factors

Just like we assess the equipment over its life span, our customer relationship and even more so, cash flows from that relationship potentially require an evaluation over their lifetime, too.

If you consider your customer relationship to be an asset, your valuation concept should be more complex than “That makes 200k EUR to be paid in 30 days, thanks very much!”.

One suggestion is the adaption of Customer Lifetime Value (CLV). Here, the value of a deal is described as the sum of discounted future cash flows.

Total cost of ownership

These costs are not the same for any two companies!

What is behind the idea of TCO? Often, the actual costs of an investment are not fully understood. Instead of looking into production costs or acquisition costs of the equipment, you consider all costs over the lifetime. This includes:

  • acquisition costs -> e.g. purchase price, transaction costs, costs of capital
  • infrastructure costs -> e.g. place it inhabits, depreciation
  • costs of operating -> e.g. maintenance, utilities & supplies, electricity
  • end-of-life costs -> e.g. recycling, disposal
  • etc. …

The tax perspective

From value proposition to operations

Historically, when companies were selling mostly tangible products value chains were typically structured linear, sequential, and segmented essentially following the physical product flow.

In a XaaS business model, when companies provide services rather than selling physical products, different activities in the value chain form an integrated network as activities become more interconnected and interdependent.

Different structures, different complexities

Designing your value proposition

How much responsibility and risk a party takes, is defined by your service contract. Hence, it is deal-specific. However, to simplify things, we like to cluster different models and their characteristics in three types of structures.

  1. Build and sell
  2. Build, own, and transfer
  3. Build, own, and operate

Within these structures, management effort and risk-taking change as the depiction on the right-hand sideshows.

Christian Endter

Business Development (Digital Industries World e.V.)

Peter Vianden

Business Development Manager (Weidmüller Holding AG & Co. KG)

Diana Rees


Matthäus Sielecki

Head of Cash Management (Deutsche Bank)

Our thanks to

Robin Bollmann
Lead of the Digital Industries World Interest Group XAAS
Senior Manager Business Model Innovation
Siemens AG

And all the people which helped to create this valuable asset

So if you want to learn more about the individual mechanisms in XaaS, download our manual now. You will receive many valuable insights, shortcuts, and directions for:

  • Value propositions and value drivers
  • Risk and key prospects for success
  • Life cycle models and pricing factors
  • The total cost of ownership and tax perspectives
  • ... and much more

Protection of data privacy

Please note that we store your personal data so that we can contact you. For more information about how Digital Industries World e.V. processes your data, please see our privacy policy.